Theory of Incarnation “Avatar”
The theory of incarnation of God is one of the most successful bait to lure/entrap the ‘religious’ mind people. And this is the theory most abundantly discussed.
The Verse 7 & 8 of Chap. 4 talks of promise or declaration of God that he incarnates in every Yug whenever the religion or saints are put to jeopardy. The verses, in verbatim, are as under:
The meaning of these verses is as follows.
The God declares, “O! Arjun, whenever and wherever there is loss to religion and the irreligion enhances, then I produce myself. Then I save the saints and finish the evil-doers. In order to establish religion, I make myself possible in every era.
The translation has been done as the ISCON chief ACP has done in his book namely Gita Yatharoop.
As per these verses, there are three important functions that are related to the event of incarnation.
1. That God creates/produces himself.
2. That he stops decay of religion and increase of irreligion.
3. That he saves the saints and punishes the wicked.
It is pleasant to hear such a theory. In this world, all the theists nurture a belief in their hearts that God is as such. He believes a God is there to protect the good people and punish the bad ones. Even every atheist too demands that if there be a God, he must perform these functions.
Now a few questions arise viz. is there any possibility of incarnation of God; more importantly had there been actually any incarnation as claimed in Brahmanic scriptures; had those incarnated Gods of Hinduism performed such acts like the killing the cheats and saving the saints.
The veracity of Gita and its theories must be tested on these norms or criteria.
Meaning of Incarnation: In Hinduism the term used for incarnation is “Avtār” which literally means ‘to come down’ from sky. Usually all theists believe that God lives in the sky or some place above the sky.
The theory of Avtār states that the Brahmanic God comes or takes birth on the Earth as and when there is decay of religion. The term “Brahmanic God” has been used for two reasons:
1. There exist hundreds of religions and faiths on the Earth. Except Hinduism no other religion has claimed that the one Almighty God comes down on the Earth to save their religion. It is only Hinduism that claims their Gods have already come down for as many as 30 times. Their God has also already made advance booking for Kaliyug. His name will be Kaliki. He is merely waiting for ‘irreligion’ to crop up. Surprisingly, the Kalik ihas already put to death many people including breast-feeding mother and her son.
2. Almost all the Brahmanic Gods have taken Avtārs simultaneously. God is believed to be ‘one piece item’. It has no replicas, no carbon copies, no Xerox copies etc. But here in Brahmanic religion there is no One God. There are three Gods and 330 millions gods. Everybody is capable of taking Avtār or incarnation. Many have taken Avtār and many more are taking daily. In all major religions, their founders claimed to be messengers of God. Like Jesus was prophet of God, Mohammed was last messenger of God. But in Hinduism religion their heroes are claiming to be God themselves. The trio of Brahma, Vishanu and Mahesh are always fighting for supremacy. It is somewhat weird that God incarnates in the form of some living creatures or non-living items. All over the world, the propounders of ‘God’ have always asserted that God is omnipotent. NOBODY living or dead can be away or above the reign of God. If God is not ‘all-powerful’ how could he be God, then he would be like anybody. So it is something unimaginable that God has to incarnate himself as swine, fish or half-beast to accomplish some task. If a Hanuman could swallow whole of the Sun, Krishan could lift a 20 km radius rock on his little finger, why did their God incarnate as shit eater animal to bring back Vedas from a demon? I create myself is concerned, it is again a weird idea that God creates himself. A reading given to both the verses together reveals that God makes his 15 creation possible in every era. Question arises when God is already existing, how could he ‘create’ himself.
If creating is taken as transforming i.e. God transform himself in pig, monkey, Raam Krishan etc. question arises who controls the Universe during this time because during this time God remains busy in some other important jobs. For example, as a swine God remains busy in digging the earth, as a Raam he remains busy in crying for Sita. And as Krishan he is over-busy. He has more than 300 million women to undress, make love with them and then to incite Arjun to kill his kith & kin!
When God is busy performing such great tasks, who remains there to perform his usual jobs of controlling the universe. In Hinduism, instead of one supreme God there are three Gods each superior to the other two. Brhma creates the universe but he himself is created from the belly of Vishanu who always worships penis of Shiv who is entrusted with the Ministry of the Dead, Ghosts etc. So who performs this task. I create myself, remains unanswerable in the Hinduism. More so, all the theist religions agree and assert that God is formless. In Islam and Sikh Dharam, it is almost the highest sin to make picture of God. But in Brahmanic system none of the trio is formless. Each one among the trio has his own distinct form. Like Uncle Sam or Santa Claus, the Brahmanic Gods have not only a specific aged body but also a unique dress. As Santa Claus is always found riding a sledge driven by reindeers so is Brahmanic trio: Brahma, Vishanu and Mahesh.
Brhma is depicted as 90 year old man sporting white beard, wearing white shirt and dhoti. He is either seated over a lotus or hangs in the air. Vishanu is of blue color, upper half of body naked, always lying on a snake and his wife massaging his legs. Shiv or Mahesh is blackish blue, wearing no clothes but simply wrapping a deerskin around his waist. He is either found sitting on icy rock or a bull. His wife is found normally sitting on his thigh. Brhma is never found with his mate.
So the Gods of Brahmans have distinct dresses and shapes. Now it is inexplicable how Brhma or Vishanu could not have achieved their goal by not incarnating themselves in the shape of a swine. As per Brahmanic scriptures as many as 30 incarnations of their Gods have already occurred. Only these three have done the exercise of incarnation. However, there are contradictory claims as to which God incarnated in which shape. So the claim of Gita that the God creates himself is void abinitio. He rather three Gods of Brahmans is already a “created object” having definite shape and dress. Mind it, Gita does not say that God “moulds” himself in another shape to protect religion. It says “I create myself”. There is one thing common and certain about the Avtār. All the Avtārs have been taken with pre-planned strategy and goal. Whatsoever, the incarnated fellow has to do, are settled much before the incarnation.
For example, when Raam was alive, 30 million Brahman saints and some thousand gods’ wives came to have sex with Raam but as he was not in a position to fulfill their demand in that birth, he booked all of them for his next round. Hence, the Brahmanic God had to incarnate himself as Krishan to fulfill sex desire of some 30 million, 18 thousand and nine women! Raam had incarnated only to murder Emperor Ravana. The abduction of Sita was immaterial. As the wolf was to devour lamb whether or not he muddled the water, same was the story of Raam.